News & Tools
Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL)
- Microsoft’s multi-factor authentication service goes down for second week in a row
- Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is a compatibility layer for running Linux binary executables (in ELF format) natively on Windows 10.
- WSL provides a Linux-compatible kernel interface developed by Microsoft (containing no Linux kernel code), which can then run a GNU userland on top of it, such as that of Ubuntu, openSUSE, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, Debian and Kali Linux.
- Such a userland might contain a Bash shell and command language, with native Linux command-line tools (sed, awk, etc.) and programming language interpreters (Ruby, Python, etc.).
- Install the Windows Subsystem for Linux
NAT Router Security Solutions: Tips & Tricks You Haven’t Seen Before
Trello’s boards, lists, and cards enable you to organize and prioritize your projects in a fun, flexible and rewarding way.
Exam 3 Debriefing
What does a NAT router do? A NAT router creates a local area network (LAN) of private IP addresses and interconnects that LAN to the wide area network (WAN) known as the Internet. The “Network Address Translation” (NAT) performed by the router allows multiple computers (machines) connected to the LAN behind the router to communicate with the external Internet.1
- Network Address Translation (NAT) allows many inside IP addresses to be represented by some smaller number of outside/public IP addresses.
- Static NAT
- Dynamic NAT
- Port Address Translation (PAT) a.k.a. Dynamic NAT with Overload
NAT Address Designations
|Inside Local||Source host inside address before translation.|
|Outside Local||An IP address from which source host is known on the Internet.
This is usually the address of the router interface connected to ISP—the actual Internet address.
|Inside Global||Source host address used after translation to get onto the Internet.
This is also the actual Internet address.
|Outside Global||Address of outside destination host and, again, the real Internet address.|
- Troubleshooting NAT with Cisco IOS Commands
- show ip nat translations
- show ip nat statistics
- debug ip nat
- clear ip nat translations
- show ip nat translations
- How Network Address Translation Works
- Cisco IOS Network Address Translation Overview
- CCNA CCNP Training – No confusion with IP NAT Inside Outside Local Global
- Set up Port Address Translation (PAT) in the Cisco IOS
Lab-09: Chapter 13: Network Address Translation (NAT)
- Instructions / Errata (pdf)
- Baseline Simulation (Initial Hardware Setup)
- (Make sure to rename, by replacing “YourLastName” and adding your First Name)
- Hands-on Lab 13.1
- Hands-on Lab 13.2
- Hands-on Lab 13.3
- You must be in class to get credit for completing this lab.
For Hands-on Lab 13.3: If you’re unable to remove the GlobalNet NAT pool, because of, %Pool GlobalNet in use, cannot destroy, error, then copy the following commands, in one block, and paste them into the CLI to remove the pool. Otherwise, temporarily disable the interface stop the error.
clear ip nat translation * config t no ip nat pool GlobalNet 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 netmask 255.255.255.0 no ip nat inside source list 1 pool GlobalNet end
Read / Do
- CCNA Routing and Switching Study Guide 2nd Edition: Chapter 14: IPv6 (Internet Protocol 6)
- Do the: Written Lab, Review Questions at the end of the chapter.
- IPv6 Tutorial [9tut.com]
- Mastering IPv6 SLAAC Concepts and Configuration [ciscopress.com]
- College Info Geek (Podcast) (YouTube)
- Study for the Final Exam