Windows Vista Tips

All of the information, instructions, and recommendations on this Web site are offered on a strictly "as is" basis. Remember "Murphy's Law." Please take the proper precautions before attempting any of the tips or modifications listed here.

Contents


HyperTerminal is Not Included with Windows Vista
How to Disable AutoPlay / AutoRun
Directory Differences Between Windows Vista and Windows XP
Protected Mode Issues When "Temporary Internet Files" Directory is Moved to a Location Outside of the Users Directory Hierarchy
Show extensions for known files types
Open a Command Prompt using the Vista DVD
Slow Copying of Data Across a Network
Cannot select more than one item in Windows Explorer
Unidentified Network - Local Only Access
Use Snipping Tool to capture screen shots
Require Users Press Ctrl+Alt+Del
Enable Username and Password Logon (Do not Display Last User name)
Hide a User Account From the Welcome Screen
Imaging Windows Vista using Ghost
Enable Input Monitor on Windows Vista
How to Create a Custom Default User Profile
Windows Vista Home Page
Windows Vista Service Pack 1 (SP1)
Links: Windows Vista
Windows Tips Index
Computer Tips Index

 


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HyperTerminal is Not Included with Windows Vista

According to Microsoft, "HyperTerminal is no longer part of Windows."

Purpose of HyperTerminal

HyperTerminal is a terminal emulation program that supports communications over TCP/IP networks, Modems, and serial COM ports.

I use HyperTerminal to connect, via the serial port, to the console port on Cisco switches and routers. This lets me do the initial configuration, like setting the IP address and subnet mask. Once the device has an IP address, I can then switch to using telnet to access it.

Where to find HyperTerminal

If you have access to a clean Windows XP computer, you can copy the HyperTerminal files from it and use them on Vista without a problem.

Locations:

You can copy all of the above files to the same location / directory on your Vista PC.

Reference

 

 


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Directory Differences Between Windows XP and Vista

Well-known directories have been moved or changed in Windows Vista from what they were in Windows XP.

Item

Windows XP

Windows Vista

My Documents

My Documents

Documents

User profiles

Documents and Settings

Users

 

 

ProgramData

 

Documents and Settings\All Users

C:\Users\Public

Desktop

C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Desktop

C:\Users\<username>\Desktop

Desktop, All Users C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Desktop\ C:\Users\Public\Desktop\

 

 

 

Default location for user application data and binaries (hidden folder) Application Data AppData
Windows Vista uses the Local and LocalLow folders for application data that does not roam with the user. Usually this data is either machine specific or too large to roam. Documents and Settings\username\Local Settings\Application Data AppData\Local
Windows Vista uses the Roaming folder for application specific data, such as custom dictionaries, which are machine independent and should roam with the user profile. Documents and Settings\username\Application Data AppData\Roaming
     

All Users Start Menu

C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu

C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu

Individual users Start Menu

C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Start Menu

C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu

 

 

 

Account pictures location

 

%SystemDrive%\ProgramData\Microsoft\User Account Pictures\Default Pictures

 

Reference:

 


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Protected Mode Issues When "Temporary Internet Files" Directory is Moved to a Location Outside of the Users Directory Hierarchy

Internet Explorer 7 on Windows Vista has an "Enable Protected Mode" option under Internet Options > Security.

Issue

Internet Explorer 7 displays a blank page and no error message regardless of the URL entered.  IE7 will work as expected if you "Run as Administrator" or disable Protected Mode.

Cause

If the "Temporary Internet Files" directory is moved to a location outside of the \Users\ directory hierarchy, IE7 may have insufficient rights to the new directory. Allowing "Modify" rights for the target directory is insufficient.  You will need to temporarily allow "Full control" for the affected user or group for the directory that "Temporary Internet Files" is in.

Workaround

  1. Temporarily allow "Full control" for the affected user or group for the directory where "Temporary Internet Files" is located.
  2. Start Internet Explorer 7
  3. Exit Internet Explorer 7
  4. Uncheck allow "Full control" for the affected user or group for the directory where "Temporary Internet Files" is located. You'll still need to allow "Modify" rights for the affected user or group.

Also see: Microsoft Knowledge Base Articles 937828 and 937409.

 


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Show extensions for known files types

  1. In Windows Explorer, choose Organize > Folder and Search Options.
  2. Click the View tab in the Folder Options dialog box.
  3. In Advanced Settings, deselect Hide Extensions For Known File Types.
  4. Click OK.

 


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Open a Command Prompt using the Vista DVD

  1. Boot with the Windows Vista DVD in the drive to get into its Setup. 
  2. Select a language and click "Next" on the first screen that appears
  3. Then click "Install Now".
  4. When asked to "Type your product key for activation," press Shift-F10 to open a Command Prompt.

 


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Slow Copying of Data Across a Network

This is a workaround for Windows Vista's slow copying of data across a network.

The slow copy process seems to be due to the way Windows Explorer in Vista handles Server Message Block (SMB) shares, and may also be due to the fact that Windows Explorer in Vista, by default, parses files for thumbnail icons across the network.

The following may fix the problem:

  1. In Windows Explorer, choose Organize > Folder and Search Options.
  2. Click the View tab in the Folder Options dialog box.
  3. Tick "Always show icons, never thumbnails"
  4. Click OK.

Or,

Go to Control Panel > Folder Options > View tab, then tick "Always show icons, never thumbnails."

 


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Cannot select more than one item in Windows Explorer

Problem Description

Error Messages

Resolution, Part 1

  1. Open Windows Explorer by double clicking on Computer or pressing the Windows Key + e
  2. Organize > Folder and Search Options > View tab
    or
    Tools > Folder Options... > View tab
  3. Under "Advanced settings:," make sure that "Remember each folder's view settings" is not checked.
  4. Click the "Reset Folders" button
  5. Click the "OK" button
  6. Close Windows Explorer
  7. Reboot Windows Vista

Resolution, Part 2

If you are still unable to select multiple files or directories after trying "Resolution, Part 1," then you should try modifying the registry.

Try deleting the following registry keys:

You can copy the following code to a reg file to do the work for you. I named mine, "Delete all saved folder customizations.reg"

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
; Delete all saved folder customizations, NOTE: Desktop.ini files will take priority when you
; re-visit a folder, The shell folders for Documents, Pictures, Videos, etc. "should"
; maintain that setting even after you delete all customization from the registry.
[-HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\BagMRU]
[-HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam\Bags]
[-HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\BagMRU]
[-HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags]

Resolution, Part 3

You can increase the number of BagMRU/Bags entries from the default of 400 to 8000 by using the following registry file:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
; Modify the Folder Storage space to 8000, 
; this will allow the saving of settings for up to 8000 different directories.
[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell]
   "BagMRU Size"=dword:00001f40
[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ShellNoRoam]
   "BagMRU Size"=dword:00001f40

References / Related Articles

 


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Unidentified Network - Local Only Access

Alternate title: Unable to Connect to the Internet

OS: Windows Vista Business

Router: Linksys BEFSR41, and Cisco

Problem Description

Error Messages or Behavior

Resolution: If you receive a proper IP address

If your computer received an IP address in the proper range from your DHCP server, then the problem may be an issue with IPv6 on your network.

Resolution: If you did not receive a proper IP address

If your computer did not receive an IP address in the proper range for from your DHCP server, then the problem may be that your computer is not receiving a response from the DHCP server. If your IP address starts with 169.x.x.x, then this is the case.

This issue occurs because of a difference in design between Windows Vista and Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2). Specifically, in Windows XP SP2, the BROADCAST flag in DHCP discovery packets is set to 0 (disabled). In Windows Vista, the BROADCAST flag in DHCP discovery packets is not disabled. Therefore, some routers and some non-Microsoft DHCP servers cannot process the DHCP discovery packets.

To resolve the issue you'll need to edit the registry in Vista to disable the BROADCAST flag in DHCP discovery packets. See Microsoft KB Article: 928233.

  1. Open Registry Editor (regedit)
  2. Locate and then click the following registry subkey:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces\{GUID}
    In this registry path, click the (GUID) subkey that corresponds to the network adapter that is connected to the network.
  3. On the Edit menu, point to New, and then click DWORD (32-bit) Value.
  4. In the New Value #1 box, type DhcpConnEnableBcastFlagToggle, and then press ENTER.
  5. Right-click DhcpConnEnableBcastFlagToggle, and then click Modify.
  6. In the Value data box, type 1, and then click OK.
  7. Close Registry Editor.

References / Related Articles

 


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Use Snipping Tool to capture screen shots

You can use Snipping Tool to capture a screen shot, or snip, of any object on your screen, and then annotate, save, or share the image. Snipping Tool comes with all versions of Windows Vista.

Open Snipping Tool by clicking the Start button Picture of the Start button > All Programs > Accessories > Snipping Tool.

Snipping Tool cannot do snips of itself so, you'll have to use a seperate screen capture program to get screeen shots of Snipping Tool.

Snipping Tool Missing?

Snipping Tool is part of Tablet Tools. To enable Snipping Tools go to: Control Panel > Program and Features > Turn Windows Features on or off. Then turn on Tablet Tools.

References / Related Articles

 


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Require Users Press Ctrl+Alt+Del

  1. In a Command prompt, type secpol.msc
  2. Navigate to Security Settings > Local Policies > Security Options
  3. Disable, Interactive logon: Do not require CTRL+ALT+DEL

Require Ctrl Alt Del

 


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Enable Username and Password Logon
(Do not display last user name)

Windows Vista Business

  1. In a Command prompt, type secpol.msc
  2. Navigate to Security Settings > Local Policies > Security Options
  3. Enable, Interactive logon: Do not display last user name

Dont Display Last User

Windows Vista Home

SecPol.msc is not available in the Home versions of Windows Vista and Windows 7.

  1. Open the Registry Editor (regedit)
  2. Locate and then click the following registry subkey:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System\
  3. Right-click on the (dontdisplaylastusername) and then click Modify
  4. In the Value data box, change the 0 to 1, and then click OK.
  5. Close Registry Editor.

 


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Hide a User Account From the Welcome Screen

When I setup computer systems I add a backup administrator level account that's used only for emergencies. I don't want this backup administrator account listed on the Welcome Screen of Windows.

By modifying the registry, you can hide accounts you don’t want displayed on the Welcome Screen.

Please take the proper precautions before attempting to modify your registry.

  1. Start the Registry Editor
  2. Go to the following key in the registry:
  3. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\
    CurrentVersion\Winlogon

    Note: There is a space between Windows and NT.

  4. Right-click on the Winlogon key and create a new ney names: SpecialAccounts
  5. Right-click on the SpecialAccounts key and create a new key named: UserList
  6. In UserList, add the username you wish to hide as a DWORD (32-bit) value.
  7. Set the value to 0 (zero) to hide or 1 (one) to display.

Important Note: Make sure not to hide your last administrator account using this tweak, or you won't be able to login as administrator anymore.

This will prevent the user from showing up on the Welcome Screen.

Note: You'll have to enable the option to "Require Users to Press Ctrl+Alt+Del" to be able to log in using the hidden user account.

 


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